Harmful 'forever' chemicals used in fast food packaging may be a significant contributor to liver disease, including nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which is rising at an alarming rate in the US.
Toxic To-Go Containers Linked to Liver Disease
Fluorinated chemicals known as polyfluoroalkyl or perfluoroalkyl chemicals (PFAS), which include PFOA and PFOS, are known to accelerate metabolic changes that lead to fatty liver
Higher ALT levels — a marker of liver injury — in humans were associated with exposure to PFOA, PFOS and PFNA, another type of PFAS
Exposure to PFOA was also linked to higher aspartate aminotransferase and gamma-glutamyl transferase levels — two widely used markers of liver disease — in humans
PFAS may damage the liver via promotion of liver inflammation and triglyceride accumulation as well as altered lipid metabolism
Grease-resistant to-go containers, papers and wrappers often contain PFAS; this includes fast food containers and wrappers, microwave popcorn bags, pizza boxes and candy wrappers
You can also be exposed to PFAS via contaminated drinking water and soil, as well as via exposure to consumer products that contain PFAS, including nonstick cookware, stain resistant clothing and upholstery, cleaning products and personal care products